Malayalam is a Dravidian language primarily spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territory of Lakshadweep. It is also spoken by Malayali communities in various parts of the world, including the Gulf countries, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Malayalam is one of the 22 officially recognized languages of India.

Malayalam has a rich literary tradition that dates back to the 9th century. It has its own script, which is derived from the ancient Brahmi script. The script is known as Malayalam script or “Kolezhuthu.” Malayalam literature encompasses a wide range of genres, including poetry, novels, short stories, and plays.

The language has a unique phonological feature called “rhoticism,” where the “r” sound is pronounced as a retroflex flap or trill. Malayalam has a vast vocabulary influenced by Sanskrit, Tamil, and other Dravidian languages. The script consists of 54 alphabets, including vowels and consonants.

Malayalam has a formal and informal register of speech. The colloquial form, known as “സംസാരം” (samsaaram), is commonly used in everyday conversations, while the formal form, known as “സാഹിത്യം” (saahityam), is used in literary and formal contexts.

Malayalam cinema, also known as “Mollywood,” is a significant industry that produces a large number of films each year. It has its unique style and has gained recognition both nationally and internationally.

In addition to Kerala, the language is also spoken in certain regions of neighboring states like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, where there are Malayali communities. It is also one of the languages used in the administration and education system of Lakshadweep.

Malayalam culture and traditions are deeply rooted in the language, with music, dance forms like Mohiniyattam and Kathakali, and various art forms reflecting the cultural identity of the Malayali people.

Overall, Malayalam is a vibrant language that holds great significance to the people of Kerala and plays a crucial role in preserving and promoting the rich cultural heritage of the region.

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