Eravikulam National Park is a national park located in the Idukki district of Kerala, India. It is part of the Western Ghats, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park covers an area of approximately 97 square kilometers (37 square miles) and is known for its rich biodiversity and stunning landscapes.
The main attraction of Eravikulam National Park is the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, a species of mountain goat, which is found in large numbers here. The park was initially established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, and it has played a crucial role in the conservation of this species. The park is home to the largest population of Nilgiri Tahr in the world.
Apart from the Nilgiri Tahr, Eravikulam National Park is also home to other wildlife species such as the Indian elephant, sambar deer, gaur, leopard, and various species of birds. The park’s diverse flora includes several species of orchids, ferns, and grasses, making it a botanist’s paradise.
Anamudi, the highest peak in South India, is located within the boundaries of Eravikulam National Park. It stands at an elevation of 2,695 meters (8,842 feet) and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes.
To visit Eravikulam National Park, visitors are required to obtain entry permits, and the park authorities regulate the number of visitors to minimize human disturbance to the ecosystem. The park has well-defined trekking trails that allow visitors to explore its natural beauty while adhering to conservation guidelines.
Eravikulam National Park is a popular tourist destination, especially during the months of April to June when the park’s surroundings are adorned with a carpet of blooming Neelakurinji flowers. Neelakurinji is a unique flower that blooms once in 12 years, creating a spectacular natural phenomenon.
Overall, Eravikulam National Park offers a memorable experience for nature lovers, wildlife enthusiasts, and adventure seekers, showcasing the incredible biodiversity and scenic beauty of the Western Ghats.