Kerala is a beautiful Indian state. Many travelers visit here to enjoy its beautiful attractions. There are many rivers, beaches, backwaters, mountains and forests in this state. Long rivers are certainly an attraction of Kerala. This state has 44 rivers. Periyar is the longest river in the state. Water in this river used for different purposes. In fact, this river helps for the financial growth of the Kerala state.
Periyar – The Longest River
River Periyar originates from the Sahyadri Hills. Periyar means big river in the local language. This long river in Kerala has a length of 244 kilometers. Many people on its banks use the river water for drinking. This river also has a strong releasing capacity.
Periyar – Lifeline of Kerala
Periyar helps the people in Kerala in different ways. This river is truly the lifeline of the state. A lot of people use the water in Periyar for homely uses. It also uses for irrigation. Periyar River is also rich in fishery. A lot of industries are there along the banks of Periyar River. In fact, around 25% of industries in the state are on the banks of river.
River Periyar plays an important role in the economy of Kerala. The famous Idukki Dam in the state is built across this river. It is the largest hydro-electric project in the state. In fact, this river helps to produce a good portion of the electrical power of Kerala. This is an Indo-Canadian project. Besides, it is the second biggest dam in the world.
Rich Flora And Fauna
The main source of river Periyar is the Sivagiri Hills in the Western Ghats. The river flows into the Periyar Lake through the famous Periyar National Park. This Lake is man-made. A wildlife sanctuary surrounds this lake. There are many rare wild animals in it. You can watch elephants, monkeys, tigers and other animals at this sanctuary.
There are many popular tourist attractions on the banks of Periyar. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary at Thekkady is the main tourist spot on the banks of this river. This wildlife sanctuary is a tiger reserve since 1978. Here you can watch some rare species of flora and fauna. Simply plan a boating in the Periyar Lake to watch wildlife at close quarters. Many temples and religious places are there on the banks of this river.
Periyar, the longest river in Kerala has great importance to the economy of the state. It flows in Tamil Nadu as well. Rich rainforests are there within the Periyar Tiger Reserve. These regions are ecologically varied.
Kabini is the name given to a river that springs in Wayanad, Kerala. Kabini forms an inevitable part of the charm of the Western Ghats which is included in the world heritage list of the UNESCO. The flow of Kabini is towards east, where it meets Kaveri River and finally empties itself into the Bay of Bengal. Rajiv Gandhi National park also known as Nagarhole National park is blessed with the crystal clear water of the Kabini River. Rajiv Gandhi national park is situated in the border of Kerala and Karnataka. It is home to a number of endangered species.
Nagarhole National Park was established in the year 1955. It takes its name from the river Nagarhole which conveys the meaning “the river of cobra” in Kannada. It was given the status of National park in the year 1974. In 2000, the national park was included in the “Project Tiger” program.
River Kabini is the largest river flowing through the Nagarhole National Park. It divides the Nagarhole national park and the Bandipur National Park. For the purpose of watering, a dam was built on the River Kabini in the year 1974. During the summer season, the only supplier of water for the Nagarhole and the Bandipur national parks is the Kabini River. Due to this, the elephants come in herds in the national park of this area for water. The atrocious elephant trapping known as Khedda is done in this part of Wayanad.
When the dam was constructed in the Kabini River, a vast area of thick forests were submerged in the water. It resulted in the formation of a large lake. The lake is attacked by drought in the summer. This resulted in the sprouting grasses forming the atmosphere of the savannahs. This is really a beautiful sight to watch in summer.
The Kabini River and the alluring area surrounding it is the best place to visit for a calm and peaceful holiday. The person who loves nature will consider this part as a heaven. If you love elephants, then it is the best choice to enjoy the beauty of elephant herds here. The rivulet running calmly with the mesmerizing surrounding has created a paradise on earth.